The demand for cold storage agribusiness in the present agriculture market is increasing rapidly. Cold storages are very important in the field of marketing agro produce. There are many benefits of cold storage. In addition, the government is also supporting in sanctioning subsidies to start cold storage agribusiness in areas with huge Agri produce. Let us check out the steps and processes to start cold storage business in any area.
Market Survey Person or Individuals who wish to start this cold storage business must go for this. Investigate the necessity of Cold Storages first in your area. Go through farms and farmers and interact with them to know the production of the crop. Whether they are cultivating horticultural crops or not. If you see the demand for Cold Storage Warehouses in your region, It is a good decision.
Steps to Start Cold Storage AgriBusiness
Land Selection for best cold storage: Select a land that is capable of constructing a huge five to 10 storied building. 0.5 Acre land is enough to build efficient cold storage.
Freezer Vans: The idea of freezer vans is also good. You go for it to test run the demand of such warehouses in your area.
Legislation of Cold storage: One should register for government permission to construct the warehouse.
Accessories: This includes Doors, Panels, spare parts, and so on.
Design System: It should be in such a way that the refrigeration system, cooling coils, racks, and hydro cooling system are placed in the correct region.
Refrigeration System: It contains the compressor, air-cooled and after-cooled condensers, cooling coils, air handlers, humidification system, and water pump sets, ventilators, piping systems, fittings, and valves.
Electrification: The power installation unit is constructed. To run such a huge Refrigeration system, the transformer is necessary. Consider Safety measures.
Thermal Insulation Practices: They are necessary to maintain the temperature in the Cold Storages.
Temperature ranges for food storage in Cold storages
To store dairy and meat products 1.1 to 2.2 degrees Celsius. For fresh fish, it is -1.1 to 2.2 degrees. To store frozen foods -23 to -17 degrees is necessary.
Optimum temperature (degree Celsius) for Storing Fruits and Vegetables in cold storages
Apple (-1 to 3), Apricots (-0.5 to 0), Bananas (4 to 7) Orange (0 to 10), Mango (11 to 18), Grapes (-1 to -1), Watermelons (2 to 4). For Vegetables like Potato (10), Lemon (4 to 15), Brinjal and Tomato (0 to 2), Cucumber (7 to 10), Cabbage, and cauliflower (8 to 10), Beans (4 to 7).
That’s all folks, for more information regarding cold storage agribusiness, comment below.