Agriculture Revolutions in India: We all know about the importance of Agriculture in human life. However, some circumstances in the field of Agriculture and allied activities lead to some revolutions that is Agriculture revolutions.
In this post, we will let you know about Agriculture revolution in India, the importance of agriculture revolutions, tablewise agriculture revolutions in India, year-wise agriculture revolutions, cause of Agriculture revolution, the significance of Agriculture revolution, first agricultural revolution, second agricultural revolution, what is a black revolution in agriculture, what is a green revolution, the silver revolution started in India, what is the red revolution, how many Agri revolutions are there in India, Narendra Modi – Protein revolutionn, types of Agri revolutions, protein revolution in India, red revolution, green revolution, rainbow revolution and other Agri revolutions in brief.
Agriculture Revolutions in India
|REVOLUTION||PRODUCTS||FATHER OF REVOLUTION||PERIOD|
|Round Revolution||Potato||–||1965- 2005|
|Green Revolution||Food Grains||Norman Borlaug, William Goud, M.S.Swaminathan.||1966 – 1967|
|Grey Revolution||Fertilizers||–||1960’s – 1970’s|
|Pink Revolution||Onion Production / Prawn Production.||Durgesh Patel||1970’s|
|White Revolution/Operation Flood||Milk Production||Verghese Kurien.||1970 – 1996|
|Blue Revolution||Fish Production||Dr. Arun Krishnan||1973-2002|
|Red Revolution||Meat Production/Tomato Production||Vishal Tewari||1980’s|
|Yellow Revolution||Oilseed Production||–||1986 – 1990|
|Brown Revolution||Leather / Cocoa / Non-Conventional Products.||Hiralal Chaudri|
|Golden Fiber Revolution||Jute Production.||–||1990’s|
|Golden Revolution||Fruits / Honey Production / Horticulture Development||Nirpakh Tutaj.||1991- 2003|
|Silver Revolution||Egg Production / Poultry Production||Indira Gandhi.||2000’s|
|Silver Fiber Revolution||Cotton||–||2000’s|
|Protein Revolution||Agriculture (HigherProduction)||Coined by Narendra Modi||2014 – 2020|
|Evergreen Revolution||Overall Production of Agriculture.||M.S.Swaminathan.||2017 – 2022|
List of Agriculture Revolutions in India
Green revolution leads to a great increase in food grain products such as wheat and rice that results in the introduction of high yielding varieties from different countries. Due to the introduction of high yielding variety seeds, the volume of agricultural production and productivity has shown a manifold increase. The production and yield of wheat, rice, maize and potatoes have increased. These introduced new varieties require large amounts of fertilizers and pesticides to produce their high yields that result in a high cost of cultivation with harmful environmental risks. This revolution also leads to considerable increases in land returns, which in turn generates new income and employment of its own for the benefit of the farming community.
White revolution/Operation flood:
The White revolution helped the dairy farmers for their development. It helps in eliminating the malpractices by milk traders and ultimately helps in eradicating poverty. The important foundation of Operation Flood has been laid by the village milk producer’s cooperatives making optimum use of modern management and scientific technology. The main objective of Operation Flood is to increase the production of milk and to offer fair prices to the consumers. This revolution becomes the success story of the dairy cooperative movement in India.
Blue revolution is meant for a rapid increase in the production of fish and seawater organisms. This revolution has existed to increase the production of fish markets and sea products through fish breeding, fish marketing, and fish export. Bluerevolution also paves the way for the accumulation of organic matter in the form of unconsumed feed. This revolution has led to a phenomenal increase in both fish production and productivity of fisheries resources of the inland and marine fisheries.
This revolution concerns with organic farming and improving soil quality. Brown Revolution associates with the increased production of Coffee, cocoa, and leather industry.
Golden Fiber Revolution:
This revolution mainly associates with the increase in the production and productivity of Jute fibre.
The Golden revolution focuses on honey and animal husbandry production. During that period, India becomes the global leader with the highest production of fruits like coconut, mangoes, cashew loco, etc. The production of horticultural commodities gets tremendously increased. India becomes the second-largest producer of vegetables and fruits. Many important factors like cultivation pattern, cropping pattern, and season shift, harvesting area, harvesting time play an important role in the golden revolution. This revolution also helps in fulfilling the demands of people for honey and vegetables.
This revolution is associated with fertilizers that help for the success of the green revolution.
It emphasizes its importance in the technological revolutions in the meat and poultry processing area. It also refers to natural minerals and vitamins that play an important role in enhancing the resistance capacity in the body emphasis is given high production of pharmaceuticals, prawn, and onion under varied climate conditions of our country.
Evergreen revolution refers to production and productivity improvement without ecological and social harming. It also involves the integration of ecological principles in both aspects of technology development and dissemination. It comes to existence to overcome the failures of the green revolution.
It leads to a spectacular increase in egg production or poultry farming. It was mainly achieved through hybrid hens and cocks and applied science and other facilities.
Silver Fiber Revolution:
This revolution mainly associates with the increase in the production and productivity of cotton fibre.
This revolution mainly associates with the increase in the production of meat and to increase production and productivity of Tomato.
It leads to an increase in the production of Potato. Round revolution aims in making the potato production doubled or tripled. Due to the increase in demand and high consumption, potatoes become cost-effective and further increases the purchases of the potatoes. Being enriched with high medicinal value, the demand for potato shows a massive increase in India in the 1980s. As a result, the production and productivity of potatoes increased to such a greater extent that the great quality and quantity of the potatoes make it sufficient for India to export these tuber vegetables beyond national borders like foreign countries.
This revolution leads to an increase in the production of edible oil, especially mustard and gingelly seeds to achieve self-sufficiency. Yellow Revolution mainly targets nine oilseeds like groundnut, mustard, soybean, safflower, gingelly, sunflower, niger, linseed, and castor. This revolution has an implementation of hybrid mustard and gingelly seeds that significantly increases the production of edible oil by the improved use of modern technology. It includes incentives to farmers by providing processing facilities like irrigation, fertilizers, pesticides, transportation facility, minimum support prices, warehousing, etc.
It leads to the sustainable growth of 4% in the field of the farming sector. The government has announced a technology-driven second green revolution with emphasis on higher productivity. The major point of this revolution is that the Government set up a Price Stabilization Fund with an initial amount of Rs.500 crore to help farmers deal with volatility. The Kisan TV channel is launched for providing real-time information on new farming techniques, water conservation, and organic farming and many other aspects of agriculture.